Turkey’s referendum- what’s next?

The 16 April constitutional referendum in Turkey has given Recep Tayyip Erdogan the mandate to become an all-powerful executive president. According to the preliminary results, 51.4 percent of voters had backed the changes, with 48.6% rejecting them. Whilst the closeness of the result showed how politically and socially divided a nation Turkey has become, allegations […]

After Europe, will Turkey review its ties with the US & Russia too?

Turkey’s engagement with the European Union has long been a “transactional” one, thanks to its accelerating slide toward authoritarianism in recent years. Had it not been for the urgent need to stem the tide of refugees heading for Europe, the Turkey-EU relationship would have hit a dead-end much earlier. Despite serious transgressions of rule of […]